■ Constitutional Building Institutions
في إطار مشروع الدور الفاعل لمنظمات المجتمع المدني في المرحلة الانتقالية استعرضت شبكة التعزيز المدني" بالتعاون مع إذاعة "إف إم شباب - وبتمويل من مشروع استجابة - استعرضا مقترح المواد الدستورية للأسس الاقتصادية والاجتماعية وباب الحقوق والحريات. وفي المؤتمر الصحفي الذي عقد مساء أمس أكد عبد السلام الأحصب، رئيس شبكة التعزيز المدني على أهمية النصوص المقترحة للأسس الاقتصادية والاجتماعية والحقوق الحريات والتي تعد واحدة من أهم سبل تطوير وتعزيز الدولة المدنية الحديثة لتحقيق الرفاهية.
Martyr’s Day in Myanmar – the National League for Democracy (NLD) wound up an eight-week campaign calling for changes to the country’s constitution. The campaign was launched on May 27 on the back of a series of colorful public rallies in Yangon and other cities. Since then, the NLD, along with former student leaders of the 1988 uprising against military rule, have held further demonstrations across the country and gathered millions of signatures in support of constitutional amendments ahead of next year’s election.
An interesting debate is unfolding in Ghana about the constitutionality of the Constitutional Review and Implementation Committee appointed by the government of Ghana. The Committee, chaired by Prof. Emmanuel Victor Dankwah, was set up by the government to make proposals and recommendations for the review of the constitution of Ghana. The recommendations and proposals will then be subjected to a vote at a referendum.
Thailand’s junta announced an interim constitution that gives the military oversight of a hand-picked legislative assembly as well as amnesty for staging their May 22 coup. The military will choose a 220-member legislature, which will pick a prime minister and 35-strong cabinet, according to a statement in the Royal Gazette. General Prayuth Chan-Ocha, leader of the National Council for Peace and Order, received the endorsed charter from King Bhumibol Adulyadej yesterday.
Vice-President Dr Guy Scott says the government is not satisfied with the work of the technical committee that it had tasked to draft a new constitution. Guy says the report presented to the government by the technical committee has many contentious issues that the opposition and the government need to debate in a constructive manner and reach agreement on.
On June 26, 2014, the president of the National Assembly, a member of the government official party, submitted a proposal to the Constitutional Court that would revise 17 articles of the Ecuadorian Constitution. Among other concerns, the changes could limit citizens’ ability to challenge abusive state action. The proposal would grant the Armed Forces powers to participate in public security operations, would categorize “communications” as a “public service,” and would allow for reelection of a president for an unlimited number of terms.
The constitution drafting process, which has been satisfactory so far, seems to have hit a bumpy road, leaders and observers say. Since the inception of the working calendar on April 5, the process has gone as planned. The Committee to Study and Determine Constitutional Records has prepared all its reports on agreed and disputed issues of the new constitution on the basis of the progress made by the first Constituent Assembly from 2008 to 2012.
After last week’s abject failure by the new Iraqi Parliament to achieve anything, the country is now being run by an illegal government operating in a power vacuum. Meanwhile Parliament cannot manage any business and merrily violates the Iraqi Constitution it once wrote, several times, in one single session. And nobody seems to care.
Scott, who was speaking during the last Vice President's Question Time session in this session of parliament, said the draft constitution will have to wait until it is presented before cabinet for consideration.
The Vice President was responding to a question from Lubansenshi Member of Parliament Patrick Mucheleka who caused laughter in the House when he asked the PF government to give the people a new constitution as they were about to bow out of political life.
Question: Patrick Mucheleka (Lubasenshi MP):
Parliament sessions are over and the spotlight is back to the Constituent Assembly (CA). In fact discussion on the fate of the temporary legislative organ expected to midwife the important legal document will further gain momentum when the dust in Brazil soccer fields settles, as the event has a potential to eclipse all sorts of happenings, no matter how important they may be to national development.
The first week of next month is eagerly awaited by many Tanzanians for a good reason that whatever happens in regard to the current constitutional snag is likely to affect the fate of the nation in one way or another.