■ Constitutional Building Institutions
Myanmar's opposition party, the National League for Democracy, said the public support for their campaign to amend the country's constitution far exceeded their expectations. The campaign calls on citizens to support a constitutional amendment by signing their names.
So far, the NLD has received 3.3 million signatures, but it expects that number to rise to more than ten million.
The campaign aims to push for a change in the rule that requires more than 75 per cent of parliament support before the constitution can be amended. Under the current constitution, the military has a mandatory 25 per cent representation in parliament, giving it power to veto any changes.
The NLD says that the rule, known as section 436, is undemocratic.
The National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) held a press conference today at 10:00 a.m. at Government House along with broadcasting the conference live through the Television Pool of Thailand, to give clarification to the media and public at large, regarding the launch of a temporary constitution yesterday (22 July 2014).
The press conference was presided over by Army General Paiboon Kumchaya, Judge Pornpetch Vichitchonchai, and Legal Expert Visanu Krue-ngam, as the representative of the NCPO law team helping to draft the temporary constitution.
The Constitutional Amendment Implementation Committee of Myanmar has submitted its preliminary report on the findings of the amendment proposal to the parliament. The committee Wednesday said in a statement that it has reviewed a total of 340 clauses from several sections of the 2008 constitution, taking into consideration of advice of all parties including the public, organizations, political parties and the army.
The remaining clauses will be reviewed similarly, the committee said.
The Constitutional Amendment Implementation Committee was formed by the parliament in February this year.
The Grand Coalition on the Constitution has expelled the Young African Leadership Initiative from their alliance. Coalition spokesperson MacDonald Chipenzi said the organization had dismissed YALI as their goals and those of YALI had become diametrically opposed.
YALI has come under fire after having taken a fresh position that a new constitution could only be ready in 2017, a departure from the coalition’s demand for a new constitution before 2016.
Chipenzi said there was no way the coalition could be in bed together with YALI when they were championing different causes.
في إطار مشروع الدور الفاعل لمنظمات المجتمع المدني في المرحلة الانتقالية استعرضت شبكة التعزيز المدني" بالتعاون مع إذاعة "إف إم شباب - وبتمويل من مشروع استجابة - استعرضا مقترح المواد الدستورية للأسس الاقتصادية والاجتماعية وباب الحقوق والحريات. وفي المؤتمر الصحفي الذي عقد مساء أمس أكد عبد السلام الأحصب، رئيس شبكة التعزيز المدني على أهمية النصوص المقترحة للأسس الاقتصادية والاجتماعية والحقوق الحريات والتي تعد واحدة من أهم سبل تطوير وتعزيز الدولة المدنية الحديثة لتحقيق الرفاهية.
Martyr’s Day in Myanmar – the National League for Democracy (NLD) wound up an eight-week campaign calling for changes to the country’s constitution. The campaign was launched on May 27 on the back of a series of colorful public rallies in Yangon and other cities. Since then, the NLD, along with former student leaders of the 1988 uprising against military rule, have held further demonstrations across the country and gathered millions of signatures in support of constitutional amendments ahead of next year’s election.
An interesting debate is unfolding in Ghana about the constitutionality of the Constitutional Review and Implementation Committee appointed by the government of Ghana. The Committee, chaired by Prof. Emmanuel Victor Dankwah, was set up by the government to make proposals and recommendations for the review of the constitution of Ghana. The recommendations and proposals will then be subjected to a vote at a referendum.
Thailand’s junta announced an interim constitution that gives the military oversight of a hand-picked legislative assembly as well as amnesty for staging their May 22 coup. The military will choose a 220-member legislature, which will pick a prime minister and 35-strong cabinet, according to a statement in the Royal Gazette. General Prayuth Chan-Ocha, leader of the National Council for Peace and Order, received the endorsed charter from King Bhumibol Adulyadej yesterday.
Vice-President Dr Guy Scott says the government is not satisfied with the work of the technical committee that it had tasked to draft a new constitution. Guy says the report presented to the government by the technical committee has many contentious issues that the opposition and the government need to debate in a constructive manner and reach agreement on.
On June 26, 2014, the president of the National Assembly, a member of the government official party, submitted a proposal to the Constitutional Court that would revise 17 articles of the Ecuadorian Constitution. Among other concerns, the changes could limit citizens’ ability to challenge abusive state action. The proposal would grant the Armed Forces powers to participate in public security operations, would categorize “communications” as a “public service,” and would allow for reelection of a president for an unlimited number of terms.