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International assistance

The role of international or external support for national processes of constitution building has an instrumental impact on the design of these processes and the institutional choices that ultimately are framed in constitutions.

Training programme

The new Constitution Builders ACCESS Resource – is an interactive training tool that reinforces sharing experiences as a means to building the capacity of practitioners to solve some of the dilemmas that they face in constitution building.


The Handbook reviews and discusses some of the institutional and procedural design choices that practitioners have recently considered during contemporary constitution building.

Issue papers

Selected issues are considered at length based on emerging and ongoing dialogues among practitioners and specialists.


A collection of multimedia resources from and about constitution-building processes.

Web links

The web links provide a comprehensive list of relevant organizations and partners working in constitution building and related subjects.

The region includes all of Africa plus the Middle East as far as Asia.

Ghana: CRIC Submits Draft Bill to Amend Constitution

Professor E.V.O. Dankwa

The Constitution Review Implementation Committee (CRIC) has submitted a draft bill for the amendment of entrenched provisions in the 1992 Constitution to the Attorney-General and Minister of Justice, the Chairman of the CRIC, Professor E.V.O. Dankwa, has said.

The submission of the draft bill paves the way for work to start on the processes towards the conduct of a referendum to decide whether or not Ghanaians are in favour of the amendments.

From the Attorney-General, the bill is expected to be submitted to the Cabinet for discussion, after which it will be referred to Parliament and later to the Council of State.

Tanzania: Kificho - We Didn't Support 3-Tier Union

THE Constitution Review Commission (CRC) proposed a three-tier government but this is not the panacea to the problems that afflict the current union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.

Speaking on Wednesday, Constituent Assembly (CA) member Pandu Ameir Kificho said CRC had wrong interpretation of the views presented from Zanzibar House of Representatives, regarding the type of union supported by House members.

Mr Kificho who chaired the CA during the formulation of the house Standing Orders said, "I have been Speaker in Zanzibar for the past 19 years.

"The House of Representative is composed of members from the ruling party (CCM) and from the Civic United Front (CUF), and the two sides hold different views with regard to the union structure.

Tanzanian women hope for a stronger voice in new constitution

 Photograph: Yasuyoshi Chiba/AFP/Getty Images

After intensive lobbying by a coalition of women's rights groups, gender equality is climbing the agenda in Tanzania at a key time.

This year is critical for women in Tanzania. In just a few months, we'll find out if the country is to have a new national constitution with the power to transform the lives and protect the rights of millions of women. We've walked a long, hard path to create a fair society that enables women to flourish, but there have been successes.


After Constitution Passes: Tunisia in Need of Turkey's Support


After the overthrow of former President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, his escape to Saudi Arabia, and the difficult period the country faced, on January 26th, 2014, the Tunisian Constitutional Assembly approved a new constitution. Contrary to the Egyptian experience, Tunisians, by partly preserving the goals of the Jasmine Revolution, managed to overcome their country’s security and political challenges. The most important of these goals was protecting the value of freedom and preventing the country from returning to an autocratic regime.

Guinea Bissau elections: A roadmap for restoration of constitutional order

On 12 April 2012, following the first round of Guinea- Bissau’s presidential elections, the armed forces staged a coup d’état.1

الجزائر: بوتفليقة يعتزم اجراء تعديلات دستورية واصلاحات اقتصادية

 قال عبدالمالك سلال مدير الحملة الانتخابية للرئيس الجزائري عبد العزيز بوتفليقة يوم الثلاثاء (18 مارس/آذار) إن بوتفليقة ينوي تعديل الدستور وتعزيز الديمقراطية واجراء اصلاحات للحد من بيروقراطية الدولة إذا أعيد انتخابه رئيسا للبلاد في انتخابات الشهر القادم. وتلقي تصريحات سلال بعض الضوء على البرنامج الانتخابي لبوتفليقة البالغ من العمر 77 عاما والذي من المتوقع على نطاق واسع فوزه بفترة رئاسة جديدة مدتها خمسة أعوام في انتخابات 17 ابريل/نيسان رغم شكوك حول حالته الصحية. ولم يظهر بوتفليقة علانية إلا نادرا منذ تعرضه لجلطة العام الماضي لكنه تقدم بأوراق ترشحه للانتخابات فيما استقال سلال من

Morocco: Draft Text of the Constitution Adopted at the Referendum of 1 July 2011

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This translation by Jefri J. Ruchti is based on the French text published in the Bulletin officiel, One Hundredth Year, No. 5952bis of 14 rejeb 1432 (17 June 2011), and the Errata to it published in the Bulletin officiel, One hundredth Year, No. 5956bis of 27 rejeb 1432 (30 June 2011), both…
Publisher: William S. Hein & Co., Inc.

The 2011 Constitutional reform in Morocco: more flaws than merits

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The Institute for European Studies has published the 7th paper of the Jean Monnet Occasional Papers series. The paper is written by Francesco Biagi and entitled "The 2011 constitutional reform in Morocco: more flaws than merits". The author gives a critical insight of the 6th Moroccan constituti…
Publisher: The Institute for European Studies

قرار رئيس جمهورية مصر العربية بالقانون رقم 22 لسنة 2014 بتنظيم الانتخابات الرئاسية

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في نص الوثيقة، قرار رئيس جمهورية مصر العربية بالقانون رقم 22 لسنة 2014 بتنظيم الانتخابات الرئاسية والذي نشرته الهيئة العامة للاستعلامات. 
Publisher: الهيئة العامة للاستعلامات

مصــر: منصور يصدر قانون تنظيم الانتخابات الرئاسية

المستشار الدستوري لرئيس الجمهورية

أصدر الرئيس عدلى منصور، قانون تنظيم الانتخابات الرئاسية اليوم السبت، وأعلن المستشار على عوض صالح، مستشار رئيس الجمهورية للشئون الدستورية، عن حصانة قرارات اللجنة العليا لانتخابات الرئاسة ضد الطعن عليها. وقال المستشار الدستورى لرئيس الجمهورية، فى مؤتمر صحفى بقصر الاتحادية اليوم، إن الرئيس أصدر قرارا جمهوريا رقم 22 لسنة 2014 بقانون تنظيم الانتخابات الرئاسية، ومن ثم تبدأ لجنة الانتخابات الرئاسية الإجراءات الفعلية للانتخابات. وأكد أن القانون استغرق بعض الوقت ولم يصدر إلا بعد استيفاء كافة الإجراءات والحوار مع القوى السياسية، وتلقى المقترحات.