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International assistance

The role of international or external support for national processes of constitution building has an instrumental impact on the design of these processes and the institutional choices that ultimately are framed in constitutions.

Training programme

The new Constitution Builders ACCESS Resource – is an interactive training tool that reinforces sharing experiences as a means to building the capacity of practitioners to solve some of the dilemmas that they face in constitution building.


The Handbook reviews and discusses some of the institutional and procedural design choices that practitioners have recently considered during contemporary constitution building.

Issue papers

Selected issues are considered at length based on emerging and ongoing dialogues among practitioners and specialists.


A collection of multimedia resources from and about constitution-building processes.

Web links

The web links provide a comprehensive list of relevant organizations and partners working in constitution building and related subjects.

The region includes all of Africa plus the Middle East as far as Asia.

ليبـيا: "رحلة وطن" - التقرير والتوصيات

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سعت منظمة ''محامون من أجل العدالة في ليبيا'' إلى تنفيذ نشاطاتٍ تفيد في نشر المعلومات حول عملية صياغة الدستور وتعريف المواطنين بها، وتعزيز أهمية إعداد دستور شامل وت…
Publisher: منظمة محامون من اجل العدالة في ليبيا

Libya: ''Rehlat Watan'' - Report and Recommendations

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Rehlat Watan, or 'Journey of a Nation', is a constitutional bus tour and mobile event which traveled to several Libyan cities and towns. At each destination, all members of the community were invited to participate in a “Constitution Day” held in coordination with local Libyan orga…
Publisher: Layers For Justice in Libya (LFJL)

Liberia: Drowning in Subservience

Liberian Capitol Building, David Stanely-Flicker

According to the Analyst Liberia newspaper (Analyst Liberia, June 30, 2014), "The Constitution of Liberia, since the birth of (this nation and) government in 1847, is pillared on three-hinged legs - Legislature, Executive and Judiciary - professedly bequeathed with equal, coordinate powers in the governance of the state. Though much of the people's power is theoretically, technically placed in the hands of the Legislature whose elected members directly represent every facet of the nation, the President, head of the Executive Branch, has stolen the entire show".

ليبـيا: هل نحن بعد ثورة فبراير بحاجة إلى دستور جديد؟

 إذا كان من المسلم به، وجرت عليه العادة، أنه لا يوجد ما يحول بين أي شعب من الشعوب وبين تغيير الدستور أو تعديله، متى طرأت ظروف أو أحوال تقتضي مثل هذا التغيير أو التعديل، وهذا أمر غالبا ما تنص عليه الدساتير المعاصرة في نصوصها باعتباره حالة متوقعة ومحتملة الحدوث، فالنص الدستوري الذي يعالج مسألة معينة  مثلا، ربما لا يصلح لفترة زمنية مختلفة عن الفترة التي وضع فيها، ولهذا كان وضعا طبيعيا ان يتضمن الدستور نفسه جواز وإمكانية تغييره أو تعديله، فلا وجود لقواعد دستورية مؤبدة، عدا تلك القواعد المتعارف عليها بالقواعد فوق الدستورية، وهي مجموعة المبادئ التي تتعلق بالحقوق والحريات التي ترسخت في الضمير والوجدان الإنساني عبر الزمن كمبدأ المساواة والمواطنة مثلا.

الجزائر: الأحـزاب "المتجـذرة" ترسم صورة مضمون الدستور المقبـل

اتفقت الأحزاب المتجذرة من حيث القاعدة الشعبية، على أبرز محاور مضمون الدستور المقبل للجزائر، ولم تُسجل اختلافات عميقة في وجهات نظرها بهذا الخصوص، حيث من بين أبرز المقترحات المشتركة بين كل من حزب تجمع أمل الجزائر "تاج" وحزب جبهة التحرير الوطني والتجمع الوطني الديمقراطي وكذا حزب العمال، هو ضرورة دسترة مسألة الفصل بين السلطات وتحديد مهام كل منها بما يخلق التوازن والتكامل فيما بينها.

Nigeria “New Constitution”: Cabal out to discredit deputy chair of National Conference

Barring last minute change of mind, a group of delegates from a particular section of the country have perfected plans to discredit the deputy chairman of the ongoing National Conference, Prof Bolaji Akinyemi, for what they perceived as his “overbearing influence” and his almost flawless handling of the proceedings of the conference, LEADERSHIP can authoritatively reveal.

Accusations and counter-accusations at plenary on Monday arose from the front page publications of an Abuja-based newspaper last Sunday and Monday alleging hidden agenda by the confab leadership particularly the deputy chairman, who is alleged to be at the forefront of consultation with Northern delegates with a view to convincing them to accept a purported “new constitution”.

Kenya: CIC Chairman accuses opposition of ignoring Constitution

The chairman of the Constitution Implementation Committee (CIC) Mr. Charles Nyachae has cautioned some opposition leaders for attempting to sabotage the constitution in their effort to have dialogue with the government. Mr. Nyachae made it clear that the constitution has established institutions   through which any outstanding issues should be resolved adding that any aggrieved parties should follow the laid down constitution by making  use of these institutions.

The CIC chairman expressed concern that some leaders in the country were behaving as if there is no constitution adding ignoring national institutions and seeking other avenues to resolve national issues  was a recipe for chaos.

Nigeria: Leadership denies allegations that it is putting pressure on delegates to adopt constitution

Leadership of the national conference, on Monday, dissociated itself from allegation carried by a national daily (not the Nigerian Tribune) that it is mounting intense pressure on prominent northern delegates to adopt a new constitution at the conference.

Chairman of the conference, Justice Idris Kutigi, responding to the allegation linking the secretariat of the conference to the lobby of northern delegates, said he had no knowledge of such moves, adding that all committee reports and recommendations had been discussed openly at the plenary.

He said so far, none of them had suggested writing of a new constitution that would precipitate lobbying of any form.

On the Virtues of Inconclusiveness: The Egyptian Constitution of 2014

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This is an opinion piece written by Gianluca Paolo Parolin and published by the GMF in the US and the Institute of International Affairs in Rome in January 2014. The title: "On the Virtues of Inconclusiveness: The Egyptian Constitution of 2014". "Contrary to popular belief, lack of this separati…
Publisher: GMF and IAI

Zimbabwe: Minister urges government to translate new Constitution into local languages

Government should translate the new Constitution into the country's 16 local languages to enable citizens to understand the country's supreme law, Women Affairs, Gender and Community Development Minister Cde Oppah Muchinguri has said. Speaking at the national women's constitutional conference on making the constitution work for women in Harare on Thursday, Minister Muchinguri said it was important to translate the Constitution to remove language barriers.

"The Ministry of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs should put the Constitution in our local languages so that people can read and fully understand the new supreme law," she said. "The same constitution recognises the 16 languages as official, hence there is need to translate the Constitution into these languages."