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International assistance

The role of international or external support for national processes of constitution building has an instrumental impact on the design of these processes and the institutional choices that ultimately are framed in constitutions.

Training programme

The new Constitution Builders ACCESS Resource – is an interactive training tool that reinforces sharing experiences as a means to building the capacity of practitioners to solve some of the dilemmas that they face in constitution building.


The Handbook reviews and discusses some of the institutional and procedural design choices that practitioners have recently considered during contemporary constitution building.

Issue papers

Selected issues are considered at length based on emerging and ongoing dialogues among practitioners and specialists.


A collection of multimedia resources from and about constitution-building processes.

Web links

The web links provide a comprehensive list of relevant organizations and partners working in constitution building and related subjects.

The region includes all of Africa plus the Middle East as far as Asia.

The making of a Constitution: a look back at Tunisia's thorny consensus-building process

As Tunisians settle down to the reality of a new Constitution, many still see the more than two-thirds majority vote that adopted the Constitution of the Second republic on 26 January as an unexpected miracle. Considering the almost irreconcilable positions adopted by the dominant Islamist Ennahdha and the democratic opposition at the outset of the process, not even the most optimistic of analysts would have predicted this outcome. So what changed the dynamics in the process, and how? What lessons can be drawn from it?

Zambia's opposition pushes govt to release draft constitution

Zambia's President Michael Zambia. (AFP)

Zambia's Parliament has been adjourned until June after it refused to publish its new draft constitution, which took three years to produce.

Opposition MPs in Zambia this week attempted to force the government to release a draft of the new constitution, which thus far it has refused to do. A private members' motion was tabled on March 7 by members of the United Party for National Development (UPND) and the Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) to expedite the constitution-making process. Following a vote this week the motion was rejected. Parliament was also adjourned on March 11 and will resume in June 2014, suspending further motions on the constitution until then.

New Constitution is not magic formula for Zambia-Scott

Dr Guy Scott vice President Zambia

Vice President Guy Scott has charged that enacting a new constitution will not automatically solve all of Zambia’s problems.Dr Scott said the opposition and the NGOs have misled many Zambians into believing that having a new constitution will dramatically change the way the country is governed.He was speaking Sunday evening when he featured on a live ZNBC Sunday Interview programme.

“Can we guarantee everybody secondary education? You can write it in the constitution but you can’t guarantee it because you have limited level of resources and limited ability to manage your country which is the size of Texas,” Dr Scott charged.

Ghana: CRIC Submits Draft Bill to Amend Constitution

Professor E.V.O. Dankwa

The Constitution Review Implementation Committee (CRIC) has submitted a draft bill for the amendment of entrenched provisions in the 1992 Constitution to the Attorney-General and Minister of Justice, the Chairman of the CRIC, Professor E.V.O. Dankwa, has said.

The submission of the draft bill paves the way for work to start on the processes towards the conduct of a referendum to decide whether or not Ghanaians are in favour of the amendments.

From the Attorney-General, the bill is expected to be submitted to the Cabinet for discussion, after which it will be referred to Parliament and later to the Council of State.

Tanzania: Kificho - We Didn't Support 3-Tier Union

THE Constitution Review Commission (CRC) proposed a three-tier government but this is not the panacea to the problems that afflict the current union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.

Speaking on Wednesday, Constituent Assembly (CA) member Pandu Ameir Kificho said CRC had wrong interpretation of the views presented from Zanzibar House of Representatives, regarding the type of union supported by House members.

Mr Kificho who chaired the CA during the formulation of the house Standing Orders said, "I have been Speaker in Zanzibar for the past 19 years.

"The House of Representative is composed of members from the ruling party (CCM) and from the Civic United Front (CUF), and the two sides hold different views with regard to the union structure.

Tanzanian women hope for a stronger voice in new constitution

 Photograph: Yasuyoshi Chiba/AFP/Getty Images

After intensive lobbying by a coalition of women's rights groups, gender equality is climbing the agenda in Tanzania at a key time.

This year is critical for women in Tanzania. In just a few months, we'll find out if the country is to have a new national constitution with the power to transform the lives and protect the rights of millions of women. We've walked a long, hard path to create a fair society that enables women to flourish, but there have been successes.


After Constitution Passes: Tunisia in Need of Turkey's Support


After the overthrow of former President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, his escape to Saudi Arabia, and the difficult period the country faced, on January 26th, 2014, the Tunisian Constitutional Assembly approved a new constitution. Contrary to the Egyptian experience, Tunisians, by partly preserving the goals of the Jasmine Revolution, managed to overcome their country’s security and political challenges. The most important of these goals was protecting the value of freedom and preventing the country from returning to an autocratic regime.

Guinea Bissau elections: A roadmap for restoration of constitutional order

On 12 April 2012, following the first round of Guinea- Bissau’s presidential elections, the armed forces staged a coup d’état.1

الجزائر: بوتفليقة يعتزم اجراء تعديلات دستورية واصلاحات اقتصادية

 قال عبدالمالك سلال مدير الحملة الانتخابية للرئيس الجزائري عبد العزيز بوتفليقة يوم الثلاثاء (18 مارس/آذار) إن بوتفليقة ينوي تعديل الدستور وتعزيز الديمقراطية واجراء اصلاحات للحد من بيروقراطية الدولة إذا أعيد انتخابه رئيسا للبلاد في انتخابات الشهر القادم. وتلقي تصريحات سلال بعض الضوء على البرنامج الانتخابي لبوتفليقة البالغ من العمر 77 عاما والذي من المتوقع على نطاق واسع فوزه بفترة رئاسة جديدة مدتها خمسة أعوام في انتخابات 17 ابريل/نيسان رغم شكوك حول حالته الصحية. ولم يظهر بوتفليقة علانية إلا نادرا منذ تعرضه لجلطة العام الماضي لكنه تقدم بأوراق ترشحه للانتخابات فيما استقال سلال من

Morocco: Draft Text of the Constitution Adopted at the Referendum of 1 July 2011

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This translation by Jefri J. Ruchti is based on the French text published in the Bulletin officiel, One Hundredth Year, No. 5952bis of 14 rejeb 1432 (17 June 2011), and the Errata to it published in the Bulletin officiel, One hundredth Year, No. 5956bis of 27 rejeb 1432 (30 June 2011), both…
Publisher: William S. Hein & Co., Inc.