Rizal Buendia

Job Title

Independent Researcher/Consultant





Area of Expertise

  • Conflict
  • Gender and constitutions
  • Diversity
  • Customary governance/legal pluralism
  • Human rights
  • Judicial system design
  • Minority issues
  • Participation
  • Power sharing (horizontal/vertical)
  • Religion
  • Security sector



 Recruitment and Movement of Professionals under the ASEAN Economic Community: Looking Back and Crafting the Future (Forthcoming 2017). Yuchengco Research Center, Manila, Philippines.

 Revisiting the ASEAN Political-Security Community (Forthcoming 2016), Yuchengco Research Center, Manila, Philippines

 The Politics of the Bangsamoro Basic Law, Yuchengco Research Center for East Asia 2015, Manila, Philippines. ISBN: 978-621-8018-16-7.

 Ethnicity and Sub-Nationalist Movements in the Philippines and Indonesia: Implications for Regional Security Yuchengco Center for East Asia, De La Salle University 2002. ISBN: 971-555-437-7.

Peer-Reviewed Articles

 “The Ethnopolitics of Moro Self-Determination in the Philippines:  So little, too late?,”  Asia Pacific Social Science Review Vol. 12, No. 1, 2012.( pp. 45-64). ISSN: 0119-8386.

“Looking into the Future of Moro Self Determination in the Philippines,” Philippine Political Science Journal Vol. 29, No. 52, 2008 (pp. 1-24). ISSN: 0115-4451 (Print), 2165-025X (Online). DOI: 10.1080/01154451.2008.9723506.

“Ethnopolitical Conflicts and the ASEAN: Looking Beyond State Sovereignty and Prospect of Regional Stability,” Asia Pacific Social Science Review 5(2) December 2005.  (pp. 28-44). ISSN: 0119-8386.

“The State-Moro Conflict: Unresolved National Question or Question of Governance,” Asian Journal of Political Science Vol. 13, No. 1 (June 2005). (pp. 109-138). ISSN: 0218-5377 (Print), 1750-7812 (Online). http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02185370508434252

“The Secessionist Movement and the Peace Process in the Philippines and Indonesia: The Case of Mindanao and Aceh” Asia Pacific Social Science Review 5(1) June 2005. (pp. 51-67). ISSN - 0119-8386. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01154451.2002.9754234

“A Re-examination of Ethnicity and Secessionist Movements in the Philippines and Indonesia: The Moros and Acehnese,” Philippine Political Science Journal, Vol. 23, No. 46, 2002. (pp. 3-48). ISSN: 0115-4451 (Print), 2165-025X (Online).

“Resurgence of Nationalism and Ethnicity in Post-Industrialism: Migration in Asian Context” (with Jorge Tigno), Philippine Political Science Journal. Vol.20, No. 43, 1999. (pp. 127-162). ISSN: 0115-4451 (Print), 2165-025X (Online).

“Is Community Participation Really Essential to Program Effectiveness – Negative Answers from Three Philippine Cases” (with Joaquin L. Gonzalez III), International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy. Vol.18, Nos. 7-8, 1998. (pp. 148-186). ISSN: 0144-333X.

“The Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services: An Appraisal of a Strategy Social Development,” Philippine Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 39 No. 4 Oct. 1995. (pp. 377-406). ISSN: 0031-7675.

“Philippine Social Development Perspectives: Do People Really Matter?” Philippine Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 39, No. 3 July 1995 University of the Philippines. (pp. 247-256). ISSN: 0031-7675.

“Ethnicity and Empowerment: Looking Beyond the Theory of ‘Democracy’ in Governance,” Philippine Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 38, No.  4 Oct. 1994, University of the Philippines. (pp. 365-384). ISSN: 0031-7675.

“Ethnic Identity, Self-Determination and Human Rights: A Re-Examination of Majoritarian Democracy,” KASARINLAN, Vol. 8, No. 4, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City, Aug. 1993 (pp. 81-101). ISSN: 2012-080X.

“Colonialism and Elitism in Philippine Political Development: Assessing the Roots of Underdevelopment,” Philippine Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 37, No. 2 University of the Philippines, Apr. 1993. (pp. 141-174). ISSN: 0031-7675.

“The Cordillera Autonomy and Quest for Nation-Building: Prospects in the Philippines,” Philippine Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 35, No. 4 University of the Philippines, Oct. 1991. (pp.335-368). ISSN: 0031-7675.

“Development Administration and Decentralization: Empowerment for Whom?” Philippine Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 35, No. 2, University of the Philippines Apr. 1991. (pp. 114-134). ISSN: 0031-7675.

“The Prospect of Federalism in the Philippines: A Challenge to Political Decentralization in a Unitary State,” Philippine Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 33, No. 2, University of the Philippines, Apr. 1989. (pp. 121-141). ISSN: 0031-7675.

“The Case of the Cordillera: An Unresolved National Question,” Philippine Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 31, No. 2, University of the Philippines. Apr. 1987. (pp. 157-187). ISSN: 0031-7675.

Book Chapters

“Charting the Future of the Bangsamoro within the Philippine Nation-State: Exploring a More Inclusive Governance,” Bangsamoro: Past, Present and Future. (Forthcoming 2017). Amazon’s Kindle Direct Publishing.

“The Bangsamoro Secessionism in the Philippines: why political settlement needs a new thinking,” Routledge Handbook of the Contemporary Philippines (Forthcoming 2017). Routledge.

“The ASEAN and Ethnopolitical Conflicts: Looking Beyond State Sovereignty and Prospect of Regional Stability,” India and ASEAN: Non-Traditional Security Threats, in V.R. Raghavan (ed.) EastWest Books (Madras) Pvt. Ltd. Chennai, India 2007. (pp. 214-237). ISBN: 8188661562, 9788188661565.

“Multiculturalism and Economic Cooperation in ASEAN,” in (ed.) Economic Partnership in Asia-Pacific Region: Present Conditions and Prospects. Institute of International Relations, College of International Relations, Nihon University, Japan. July 2006 (pp. 173-198)

“The Mindanao Conflict in the Philippines: Ethno-Religious War or Economic Conflict?,” in Aurel Croissant, Beate Martin, and Sascha Kneip (eds.), The Politics of Death: Political Violence in Southeast Asia, Lit Verlag Berlin 2006. (pp. 147-187). ISBN: 3825888606, 9783825888602. 

“The GRP-MILF Peace Talks: Quo Vadis?” in Daljit Singh and Chin Kin Wah (eds.), Southeast Asian Affairs 2004 Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore 2004.  (pp. 205-221). ISBN: 9812302387, 9789812302380.

“The Continuing People Power” (with Joaquin Gonzalez III) in John Funston (ed), Government and Politics of Southeast Asia, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore, 2003. (pp. 252-290). ISBN: 9812301348; 9789812301345; 981230133X.

“The Institution of Peace Among Ethnic Kalingas: A Case Study of the Sumadel Tribe in Kalinga,” in Allan Bernardo and Carmela Ortigas (eds.) Building Peace: Essays on Psychology and the Culture of Peace, De La Salle University Press, 2000. Manila. (pp. 97-112). ISBN: 9715553311, 9789715553315.

“Decentralization and the Local Government Code: Challenging the Limits of Empowerment and Democracy”, Journal of Legislative Development, Vols. 2 & 3, 1996-1997. Center for Legislative Development, Philippine Social Science Council, Diliman, Q.C. 1997. (pp. 7-20)

“The Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services: An Appraisal of a Strategy in Social Development,” in Victoria A. Bautista (ed.), A Reader in Philippine Social Development Administration, College of Public Administration, University of the Philippines, 1997. (pp.287-320)

“Philippines,” in Norma Mahmood (ed.), Rethinking Political Development in Southeast Asia, University of Malaya Press, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1994. (pp. 81-114). ISBN: 9679940675, 9789679940671.

Other Articles

“Torture in Philippines: Asserting Rights When State & Laws Fail,” Torture: Global and Asian Perspectives Vol. 1, No. 4 (Oct-Dec), 2012. (pp. 78-84). Asian Human Rights Commission and Danish Institute Against Torture (Dignity). ISSN 2304-134X (Print) ISSN 2304 -1358 (Online)

“The Politics of Ethnicity and Moro Secessionism in the Philippines,” Working Paper No. 146, Asia Research Centre, Murdoch University, Nov. 2007.

“World Terrorism and Separatism in the Philippines,” Yuchengco Center Briefing Papers Vol. 1, May 2002.  (pp 6-17)

“Territoriality and Empowerment: The Spatial Function of Public Policy on Local Governance”, Praxis, Vol. 6, No. 1, De La Salle University, June 1994. (pp. 1-10)

“Ethnicity, Territoriality and Self-Determination: Beyond Post-Colonialism and Mass Democracy,” Economic Review, Vol. 19, Nos. 2 & 3, Colombo, Sri Lanka, May-June 1993.

“Ideologies in the Philippines: A Comparative Analysis,” Economic Review, Vol. 18, Nos. 7,8,& 9, Colombo, Sri Lanka, Oct-Nov., 1992. (pp. 20-27; 54-57; 64)

“Development Administration and Decentralization: Quo Vadis?” Praxis, Vol. 4, Nos. 1&2, De La Salle University, Jan-Dec. 1990. (pp. 69-101)

“The Cordillera Organic Act and the Constitution: Assessing the Future of the Cordillerans,” Journal of Economics and Politics, Vol. 1, No. 2 Polytechnic University of the Philippines, 1990.

“The Cordillera Autonomy: A Question of Nationality,”Trends, Vol. 2, No. 2 1990, Polytechnic University of the Philippines.

Review Article

“Now It Can Be Told: Shadow of Memories and Skeletons,” Philippine Political Science Journal Vol. 34, No. 2, 2013 (pp. 199-216). ISSN: 0115-4451 (Print), 2165-025X (Online). DOI:10.1080/01154451.2013.851489.

Book Reviews

Regimes of Social Cohesion: Societies and the Crisis of Globalization by Andy Green and Jan Germen Janmaat, Journal of Global Analysis June 2016. Available at: http://journalofglobalanalysis.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/JGA_12_BR_2.pdf

Culture, Religion and Conflict in Muslim Southeast Asia: Negotiating tense pluralisms edited by Joseph Camilleri and Sven Schottmann, Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism Vol. 14, No. 3 2014 London (pp. 533-535). Online ISSN: 1754-9469. DOI: 10.1111/sena.12102

Multination States in Asia: Accommodation or Resistance edited by Jacques Bertrand and André Laliberté. Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism Vol. 11, No. 3, 2011. London. (pp. 579-580). Online ISSN: 1754-9469. DOI: 10.1111/j.1754-9469.2011.01144.x. Also in Philippine Political Science Journal Vol. 32, No. 55, 2011, Manila. (pp. 167-169). ISSN: 0115-4451 (Print), 2165-025X (Online).

Itneg (Tinggian) Justice and Conflict Resolution by Fay Dumagat. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, Vol. 31, No. 2, 2000. Singapore. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022463400017835.


Square peg in a round hole: Can the Bangsamoro suit into the Philippine unitary nation-state? 21 July 2015. In <http://iag.org.ph/index.php/blog/1162-square-peg-in-a-round-hole-can-th…;

Looking into the Bigger Picture behind the Mamasapano Incident and the BBL March 31, 2015. In < http://getrealphilippines.com/blog/2015/03/looking-into-the-bigger-pict…;

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